Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2014, Page: 137-142
Influence of Surface Passivation on Optical Properties of Spray Pyrolysis Deposited Pd-F:SnO2
Patrick Mwinzi Mwathe, Department of Physics, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya; Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Robinson Musembi, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Mathew Munji, Department of Physics, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Benjamin Odari, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Lawrence Munguti, Department of Physics, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya; Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Alex Alfred Ntilakigwa, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya; Faculty of Science Technology and Environmental Studies, Open University of Tanzania, P.O. Box 31608, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
John Nguu, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Bernard Aduda, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Boniface Muthoka, Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Received: Aug. 7, 2014;       Accepted: Aug. 26, 2014;       Published: Sep. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20140305.11      View  3034      Downloads  218
Abstract
Pd-F:SnO2 thin films have been prepared by spray pyrolysis technique using an alcoholic precursor solution consisting of stannic chloride (SnCl4.5H20), ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and palladium chloride (PdCl2). Optimization on the deposition parameters has been done in order to obtain high quality thin films. The effect of varying the fluorine content on the optical properties of Pd-F:SnO2 thin films were studied. Data for transmittance and reflectance in the wavelength range from 300nm – 2500nm was measured using the solid spec 3700DUV spectrophotometer. The calculated optical band gap of the as prepared thin films has been found to range from 3.8eV to 4.11eV. Fluorine incorporation for Pd-F:SnO2 has been found to have a narrowing effect on the band gap, but at its higher concentration the band gap has been seen to increase. The band gap narrowing is due to the incorporation of F- ions in the crystal lattice therefore giving rise to donor levels in the SnO2 band gap which is an essential characteristic for the gas sensor applications. Both annealing and passivation have been found to have very insignificant change in optical band gap of Pd-F:SnO2.
Keywords
Spray Pyrolysis, Fluorine Doping, Palladium Doping, Co-Doping, Palladium and Fluorine Co-Doping, Annealing, Passivation, Pd and F Co-Doped SnO2 (Pd-F:SnO2)
To cite this article
Patrick Mwinzi Mwathe, Robinson Musembi, Mathew Munji, Benjamin Odari, Lawrence Munguti, Alex Alfred Ntilakigwa, John Nguu, Bernard Aduda, Boniface Muthoka, Influence of Surface Passivation on Optical Properties of Spray Pyrolysis Deposited Pd-F:SnO2, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 137-142. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20140305.11
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