Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Page: 219-224
Application of CaO from Psammotaea elongata Shell as Catalyst in Conversion the Beef Tallow to Biodiesel
I. Wayan Sutapa, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
A. Bandjar, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
Rosmawaty , Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
M. Sitaniapessy, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
Received: May 6, 2015;       Accepted: May 18, 2015;       Published: May 28, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20150403.21      View  4195      Downloads  195
Abstract
Synthesis of biodiesel from the beef tallow using catalyst from Psammotaea elongata shell with methanol as a solvent was carried out. Synthesis the biodiesel was prepared in two steps, there are esterification and transesterification. In esterification was conducted in mole ratio of oil and methanol were 1: 9, with H2SO4 as a catalyst. Transesterification process conducted with mole ratio were 1:12 (oil and methanol), with CaO from cockle’ shell as a catalyst with a variation of the catalyst 11%, 12%, 13%, and 14%. Result of biodiesel was characterized based on FT-IR, 1H-NMR, GC-MS, and ASTM (American Standard Testing of Materials) method. The results obtained by the catalyst conversion of 51.9% and the optimum conditions in the biodiesel present in 12%. Yielded of biodiesel theoretically was 59.118% and experiment was 18.34%. The main component on biodiesel product is methyl stearate (40.65%) and examination result of biodiesel by using ASTM method are specific (0.8695 g/cm3), kinematic viscosity (5.393 mm/s2), flame point (178.5 °C), pour point (24 °C), and carbon Condradson residue (0.071%).
Keywords
Biodiesel, CaO, Esterification, Beef Tallow, Transesterification
To cite this article
I. Wayan Sutapa, A. Bandjar, Rosmawaty , M. Sitaniapessy, Application of CaO from Psammotaea elongata Shell as Catalyst in Conversion the Beef Tallow to Biodiesel, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 219-224. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20150403.21
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